print function in python
print() function and input() function makes the program more interactive with the user.
Although, there are some extra things we can do with print() which makes the output formattable.
Functionalities of print() function
- Let’s start with the syntax:
print(object(s), sep=separator, end=end, file=file, flush=flush)
- Fact: In python, all data types are implemented as an object.
- object(s): Will accepts any number of objects, which will be converted into a string before printed. We can pass it in two way:
- Comma seperated:
Enter any number: 2021 year:2021
- sep=’separator’: This is Optional.
Used to specify how to separate the objects, if there is more than one.
Default is ‘ ‘ (space).
Enter any number: 2021 year: 2021
- end=’end’: This is Optional.
Used to specify what to print at the end.
Default is ‘\n’ (new line).
Enter any number: 2021 year: 2021 month: Jan
- file: This is Optional. Default is sys.stdout. Used to specify the name of the file to write the output. If the file doesn’t exist, it will create a new file. Output (in ‘Greetings.txt’ file): ``` !!! Wish you a happy new year !!! Enjoy the year—>2021—> and the month —>January
flush: This is Optional. A Boolean, specifying if the output is flushed (True) or buffered (False). Default is False.